IT to make big labour pool splash
VietNamNet Bridge - Vietnam will have to beef up education and training if it hopes to become one of the world’s top five guest worker providers and a major outsourcer in the next 10 years.
Trang Anh takes a look at how
IT research and development requires a significant and educated workforce. Without it, industry growth would remain stagnant and investing companies will look for opportunities elsewhere, said Ajay Gupta, director of HP Lab in
Being the number one of world outsourcer,
Like the HP Lab in
IBM opened its Global Delivery Centre in
Vietnam also has an expatriate IT community like Viet Kieu which has been working and living in developed IT markets worldwide such as in the US and western Europe and is forming a crucial link between overseas customers and Vietnam-based developers by helping to reduce culture and language barriers.
Nguyen Trong Duong, deputy director of Information Technology Industry Department under the Ministry of Information and Communications, said the key for
“It is sure that foreign investors to come and place their R&D in
Pham Tan Cong, general secretary of Vietnam Software Association, said
“With the targeted number of engineers by 2015,
Cong proposed the Vietnamese Government boost private and foreign investment in education with international standards. Students will have one year to learn either English or Japanese to meet demand of
The information technology companies will also be attracted into education investment to have recruits or more staff, enabling to students to write software from the third school year at university.
According to the Global Outsourcing Report 2005 made by well-known specialists in the sector Mark Minevich from Going Global Ventures Inc and Frank-Jürgen Richter from Horaris, Vietnam was ranked among top 30 leading outsourcing software nations by 2015.
“Quality human resources is key to Vietnam, The country’s education system is excellent, with a focus on mathematics and logic that creates a ready supply of raw talent for the IT industry. Professional skills are taught by western training companies, which are training thousands of Vietnam programmers in dedicated centres across Vietnam,” the report said.
Under Vietnam’s commitment to the World Trade Organization, the Vietnamese Government accepted market-oriented training and education in science and technology, opening for foreign investors in providing training courses for local students especially in science and technology.
Foreign investors are also allowed to open wholly foreign-owned schools from the beginning of 2009.
According to the IT human resource development of Vietnam to 2020, the government will give a certain percentage out of the total one per cent of the state budget funding for science and technology to deploy R&D in IT, electronics and telecoms as well as establish a fund for supporting IT training.
Vietnam will expand IT education in electronics and telecoms in Hanoi, Haiphong, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho, Danang, Dalat, Thai Nguyen Vinh and Hue as well as diversifying IT training models including remote training and training at works.
The government is encouraging the expansion of certificate granting bases and deploying one year additional IT training for non-IT students at universities as well as the second IT engineering certificate along with non-IT bachelor. IT training will be available in all secondary and primary schools by 2015.
A shortage of software programmers, which has increased after international corporations placed their bases in Vietnam such as Intel, IBM, Foxconn and Compal. Local companies have raised their remuneration for staff to a minimum level of $500. However, even at this salary level, Vietnam still has significant labour cost advantages. The global market will need an estimated one million programmers by 2008 and 10 million by 2015.
The country’s largest software company FPT has plans to raise its total staff to 10,000 later this year. Among its current staff, 30 per cent are graduates from its Aptech chain. Few of its staff study abroad.
Nguyen Kim Cuong, CMC vice president, said the company also planned to have 1,000 programmers by 2010, rising from its current 200 staff.
The measures for increasing IT staff include an international certificate test in Vietnam as well as the tuition of both training centres such as Aptech and vocational colleges.
The industry would need either secondary graduates with IT certificates to do for their projects instead of only university graduates.
International certificates such as Microsoft Developer Certificate are acknowledged by software international community and having an international certificate will help students have a job immediately, while a company can assess right capability of its staff.
Cuong estimated that Vietnam had less than around 500 engineers with international certificates who often work for international companies in Vietnam.